Saturday 9 February 2019

The Holy Grail of pubs

A few years ago, a visit to West Wales prompted me to dig out my copy of A Year in the Drink, a book in which journalist Martin Green tells the story of how he and his wife ran a pub in a small Welsh market town. It turned out that this book ended up being withdrawn from sale because the locals objected to some of the unflattering and barely-disguised pen portraits of them that appeared in its pages, although it remains well worth reading if you can unearth a copy.

Another book in the same category that was recently drawn to my attention is The Quest for the Perfect Pub, written by Nick and Charlie Hurt and published in 1989. According to this article, this book too ended up being withdrawn because Big Six brewers Whitbread took strong exception to the way they were portrayed. So I had to get hold of a copy – there still seem to be plenty knocking around on eBay. I’ve only had it for a few days, and it’s the sort of book you dip in to rather than reading from cover to cover, so I can’t claim to have read it all. However, the worst I can find about Whitbread is the following in relation to the famous Drewe Arms in Devon:

So we issue a direct challenge to Samuel Whitbread: we challenge you to leave alone The Drewe Arms, Drewsteignton, and thus show that you still have an ounce of human feeling buried deep in the cold quartz of your corporate heart.
Fighting talk, maybe, but surely not grounds for calling in the lawyers. They are just as scathing about Robinson’s treatment of the Harrington Arms at Gawsworth, which to be honest still comes across as a largely unspoilt country pub in comparison to some of their more recent abominations. Incidentally, the Drewe Arms eventually passed into the ownership of Enterprise Inns, and remains little spoilt, although it has developed a substantial food operation and is no longer the basic village alehouse of old.

The authors never really introduce themselves, and the endpapers offer no biography, but from reading it I would assume they were a pair of youngish journalists, probably brothers, who were tasked by the publishers with doing a search to find the best and least spoilt pubs in the country. This makes it very much what the title says, a personal quest over a three-month period drawing on assorted word-of-mouth recommendations, rather than a considered and carefully-researched guidebook.

While it includes many of the well-known “character” pubs such as the Sun at Leintwardine and the Square & Compass at Worth Matravers, there are obvious omissions that surely would have been shoo-ins if encountered, such as the Boat at Penallt in Monmouthshire, the Old Inn at Ightham in Kent and the Anchor at High Offley is Staffordshire. There are also some where, looking back, their highlighting in such a book might seem a touch questionable.

The selected pubs cluster fairly thickly on the map in some areas such as the Welsh Marches west of Hereford, the western Chilterns and the Peak District, while other parts of the country are rather bare. This may be due to the vagaries of where the authors chose to visit, but it is generally recognised that pub quality is not uniform across the country. There are a handful of pubs in larger towns and cities, such as the Star in Bath and the Sun in Stockton-on-Tees, but their remit was very much to cover the countryside, villages and market towns. The introduction states that they also planned a companion volume covering more urban locations, but in view of their legal problems this never seems to have materialised.

They found themselves disappointed at just how few pubs had survived the inevitable march of “progress”:

The good old-fashioned English boozer is an endangered species at the mercy of many horrific modern enemies: decors of unparalleled artificiality, astonishing nylon carpets sending shockwaves through the body, appalling piped music,microwaved pizza and other Eurostodge, bleeping video-games bland jukeboxes, American “designer” beer, unsuitably flavoured potato “snax”.
And that was before anyone had even thought of pretentious gastropub food and wall-to-wall sports TV. They go on:
One by one the old pubs are being swallowed up by the catering chains, whose thrusting, Next-clad young executives are at this very moment roaming the country, Their acquisitions are speedily turned into half-hearted ‘theme’ pubs, probably called Funsters, Hank’s or the Raj, where a plastic mill-stream, bar staff in Stetsons, or a yellowing pith-helmet on the wall are considered to be bold and radical statements in ‘Leisure-time programming’. If you feel like blowing up such places, or merely hitting the landlord, then this is the book for you.
Even thirty years ago, many of the finest examples seemed to have recently disappeared:
Time and time again we would make enquires as to the best pubs only to be told in reverent tones about Grumpy Bill’s place in the next village, or of old Joan in the Red Lion down the road. Then the pause and the added rider: ‘But he/she is not there any more…it’s been revamped by the brewery…it’s now a restaurant/holiday home.”
However, all is not lost:
This book sets out to be a celebration of the fact that there are, thank God, a few proper pubs still left in England, true to the old traditions and upholding the values of privacy and simple pleasure which are so scored in modern life.
In total, the authors come up with 350 pubs worthy of listing, divided into 69 with the top star rating, 149 with two barrels, and 132 just with a single barrel. They assign them to their own categories, such as ORD (One-Room Drinker), LLL (Lively Little Local) and GGAR (Great All-Rounder) and assign various indicators to describe particular features such as FC (Flat Cap, for pubs frequented by old boys) and E for pubs of particular eccentricity. I’m not sure whether the publishers’ budget didn’t run to symbols, or whether it was felt they would be confusing. The book is dedicated “to the venerable landladies and all the old boys”.

The whole thing makes for entertaining reading although, as I said, it is probably best dipped into rather than consumed in large chunks. There are some excellent pieces of descriptive writing, such as how the entire atmosphere of the long-closed Horse & Jockey at Delph is “one of the Macmillan 1950s”, plus a variety of amusing anecdotes. The grumpy licensee of the Cows Hill Hotel in County Durham tells them “Mrs Thatcher tells me that I may remain open all day. The good lady and I do not agree on the subject,” whereas the landlady of the Queen’s Head at Cowden Pound in Kent says that she had reverted to closing at 2 pm on Sundays because the local wives got fed up with their husbands being late for lunch. This was, of course, not long after the 1988 liberalisation of licensing hours.

On the other hand, some of their longer diversionary stories do rather pall, such as the tale of the pub entertainment provided by “Dan Cavan and his Radiogram” which appears in the description of the White Horse in Beverley, or the extended description of odd and rather unlikeable characters in an unnamed pub in the wilds of Lincolnshire, which in the end did not merit an entry in its own right.

While most of the featured pubs are largely unspoilt, wet-led boozers with a distinctive cast of drinkers, some are mentioned for serving excellent food. At the time it was still possible to combine this with being a proper pub of character, but in the ensuing years it has become increasingly difficult. Over time, gaining a reputation for food tends to drive away the drinks trade, and the gastropub revolution has given many pubs culinary and social aspirations that they never had before. Places like the Star at Harome in Yorkshire have now become in effect restaurants, and it is hard to see them featuring in a modern guide to classic pubs.

At the end of the book, the authors come up with a list of the ten favourite pubs that they encountered on their travels. Pride of place goes to what they describe as The Perfect Pub, Somewhere in Suffolk, because the licensee did not want the attention that would result from it being named. A little digging based on the description suggests it was in fact The Cock at Brent Eleigh, illustrated above.

The remaining nine are:

The Cresselly Arms, Cresswell Quay, Pembrokeshire

The King’s Head (Low House), Laxfield, Suffolk

The Tally Ho, Hatherleigh, Devon

The Tucker’s Grave, Faulkland, Somerset

The Olde Ship, Seahouses, Northumberland

The Barley Mow, Kirk Ireton, Derbyshire

The Double Locks, Alphington, Devon

The White Horse (Nellie’s), Beverley, Yorkshire

The Sun Inn, Stockton-on-Tees, Durham - complete with description of the famous “banked” Bass

All of these, maybe surprisingly, are still with us, although there was some concern recently about the survival of the Tucker’s Grave which fortunately seems to have been dispelled. Plus, most seem to be little changed, with the exception of the Double Locks, which I am told has been greatly sanitised since being taken under the corporate wing of Young’s. The Tally Ho (where I have never personally been) perhaps stands out from the others, as it was a little bit gastro even back in 1989, and perhaps comes into the category of places where they got an excellent welcome, but has never been a front-rank unspoilt classic.

The thirty years since the book was published have, not surprisingly, not been kind to the pubs listed. Some, fortunately, are still in existence in little-changed form, such as the Yew Tree at Cauldon in Staffordshire and the Traveller’s Rest at Alpraham in Cheshire. Others, such as the Stagg at Titley in Herefordshire and the Durham Ox at Shrewley in Warwickshire, have very much gone down the gastro route and can no longer be regarded as community boozers, while many, such as the Horse & Jockey at Delph in the former Saddleworth district of Yorkshire and the White Lion at Pen-y-Mynydd in Flintshire have long since closed. Indeed, I doubt whether either of those long survived the publication of the book, and the Horse & Jockey has long been a roofless, crumbling ruin.

At a time of a fairly static level of pubgoing, the authors identify the major brewers as the main villains of the piece. However, since then, the overall demand has more than halved, as a result of a toxic mixture of legislative restriction and social change, while most of the more marginal pubs have been sold off by the big companies. Added to this, the zeitgeist has very much shifted away from a love of the old-fashioned, quirky and individual to a worship of the new, fashionable and shiny. The book says that the Barley Mow at Kirk Ireton “is often packed with young people from the nearby cities of Derby and Nottingham, where most of the pubs are now amusement arcades. They learn how to play dominoes, love the beer and the atmosphere, and revel in the quiet simplicity to be be found here.” I very much doubt whether that is true today.

One glimmer of hope is that the growing trend for community ownership may give some of these pubs a new lease of life. If they really are cherished by their local communities, then surely they will be prepared to stump up to keep them in being. However, as I wrote here, this isn’t going to be an instant panacea – even without the need to earn a return on the capital investment, the actual business of the pub will still need to at least break even, and there may also be the risk of community ownership leading to management by committee. But it may well offer a future where such treasured pieces of our heritage can be taken outside the purely commercial sphere.


  1. Probably the same people at the Barley Mow, just somewhat older.

    1. No, I think people in general are much less inclined to travel out from the big towns and cities to visit pubs like the Barley Mow than they once were.

    2. The Stafford Mudgie10 February 2019 at 12:51

      The Barley Mow is not quite as unchanged as one might think.
      On the death in 1976 of 89 year old landlady Mrs Ford her relatives sold the contents apart from some fixed seating in the bar.
      Present landlady Mary Short therefore had to buy replacement furniture which matches the interior well.

  2. The Stafford Mudgie9 February 2019 at 10:44

    Yes, all the customers are about my age when I go to the Barley Mow at Kirk Ireton.

    Kept for many, many years by my relative Mabel Mudge I am of course pleased that the original unspoilt part of the Drewe Arms remains intact - and extending it to offer meals was quite possibly the only way it could survive.

    Were the authors really "tasked by the publishers with doing a search to find the best and least spoilt pubs in the country" or was that what they liked doing and they then offered their jottings to a publisher which is how many books arise ?

    1. Yes, they were. The opening paragraphs state:

      "Our task seemed simple. It was the Mesmerizing Brunette Editor (MBE) at the publishers' office who had given us our brief. 'Find the best 200 pubs in the country,' she snapped, 'and don't show your faces in Bloomsbury until you've written about them. You have three months.'"

  3. An excellent read there, Mudgie. Those two authors certainly did some decent research in the days before the internet.

    I won't get the book, but it's interesting to see the overlap with Mr Coe's famous folded page of "Unspoilt, basic pubs" and a list that Paul, you and myself might develop along the same lines. Mildly surprised to hear the Stockton Sun was already revered 30-odd years ago.


    In 30 years

  4. " the zeitgeist has very much shifted away from a love of the old-fashioned, quirky and individual to a worship of the new, fashionable and shiny". True, but these things are cyclical; the same could have been said for the 50s and 60s but by the 70s and 80s there was a backlash, mirrored by the writings of Richard Boston and others and the foundation of CAMRA itself, plus campaigns for proper bread, cheese etc and the rise of the organic movement. Trouble is, every time we get a "shiny modern" phase, more good stuff is lost and it doesn't all get replaced.

    1. Very true, and a point I've often made before on here. In many ways, CAMRA and associated trends such as steam railway preservation were a backlash against the modernising spirit of the 1960s.

  5. That last one was me. Dunno why it came up as "Unknown".

  6. Had a quick look in the newspaper archives: Nick Hurt was born in Derbyshire and ran pubs and bars in London. He was 40 when this book came out, and Charlie was indeed his younger brother.

    1. That very much bears out the inference I drew from the book. One of the entries is the Hurt Arms at Ambergate in Derbyshire, although the description is somewhat tongue-in-cheek, and I doubt whether it was particularly unspoilt even back then.

    2. The Stafford Mudgie10 February 2019 at 11:45

      Yes, both 1980s editions of 'Derbyshire Ale' have the Hurt arms as a "Large roadside hotel on the A6, with smart lounge and adjoining restaurant" which doesn't suggest "particularly unspoilt".

  7. I had a weirdly uncomfortable half-hour the other weekend in a local boozer which I won't name... oh, go on then, Jam Street... As soon as I walked in, I felt convinced I was far too old to be there. I got a drink - RedWillow, good condition, a bit overpriced - and looked around properly; on closer inspection the place wasn't full of youngsters after all. I think what had cued my reaction was that the decor has changed since it reopened. Under the old management, the walls were lined with (what looked like) original posters from the dawn of new wave - Manchester gigs by the likes of Slaughter & the Dogs, John Cooper Clarke and Gyro (who they?). It's currently wallpapered with rock posters for artists like Oasis, Blur and Beck... in other words, vintage artwork from 20-25 years ago. I think it was that (semi-conscious) realisation that made me feel old, as indeed it does now.

    I wonder if "young people" really are fixated on the cutting-edge, or if it's just that they've got different ideas from me & thee about what constitutes "old", "traditional" or "unspoilt" (or "the way things used to be"). Bear in mind it's almost 2020 - we're further from the Sex Pistols now than the Sex Pistols were from Vera Lynn.

    1. The Stafford Mudgie10 February 2019 at 17:45

      I might be wrong here but I can't quite imagine the Sex Pistols and Vera Lynn being close friends.

    2. But pubs like the Barley Mow were old-fashioned in the heyday of Vera Lynn. And most pub interior design of the past sixty years hasn't really been built to last, so there's nothing really to come back into fashion.

  8. "we're further from the Sex Pistols now than the Sex Pistols were from Vera Lynn." Now that does make me feel old.

  9. I was about to chip in and echo a number of the comments here, but then found myself asking "and our point is?"

    1. The point is that the traditional English pub has been under threat for several hundred years. No doubt Richard the Third grumbled that the beer in the Black Bull in Middleham wasn't as good as it was when he was a lad.

  10. I'm only just getting into the first chapter of this book, it seems a fascinating read.

  11. I bought a copy of the said book when it first came out. It is interesting to note that the ale offering at the so called "Perfect Pub" somewhere in Suffolk is Greene King bitter. In a 21st century where famous old villainous names like Whitbread and Watney's have long disappeared from the brewing scene, Greene King are now seen as one of the main villains of the industry, having taken over and closed several smaller breweries and closed or wrecked a whole host of pubs along the way. It's unthinkable today that the current 'perfect pub' wherever that is, could sell solely Greene King. Their beer is no doubt preferable to the Watney's of the 1980s but is very mediocre compared with what is available in the modern brewing industry.

    Happily, having taken a quick peruse at the latest Good Beer Guide, I see that several other ales are now available on tap at the Cock, although they still appear to have the dreaded Greene King.

    1. But there's much more to the "perfect pub" in the Hurt brothers' terms than just the beer, and surely you would expect a small, basic rural pub to sell the familiar cooking bitter of its area. There's nothing wrong with GK IPA when well-kept, especially on its home territory, which this is. And it concerns me that such a small pub is now selling "several other ales".


Comments, especially on older posts, may require prior approval by the blog owner. See here for details of my comment policy.

Please register an account to comment. Unregistered comments will generally be rejected unless I recognise the author. If you want to comment using an unregistered ID, you will need to tell me something about yourself.